There are numerous passages that teach that God, the Father, God, the Son, and God, the Holy Spirit are distinct persons and yet each hold the attributes of deity. But the Bible also emphatically and unambiguously declares that there is only one God (Isaiah 44:8; Isaiah 45:18; Deuteronomy 6:4; Malachi 2:10, James 2:19; Mark 12:29 ). Hence, taking all the Scriptures into account, orthodox Christian theology has always affirmed that the one true God is triune in nature—three co-equal and co-eternal persons in the Godhead.

This triune God (or Trinity) began to allude to this aspect of His nature right in Genesis 1:26–27. There we read that “God said, ‘Let us make man in our image’ . . . God created man in His image.” Here God is a plural noun, said is in the third-person singular verb form, and we see both the plural pronoun our and the singular His referring to the same thing (God’s image). This is not horribly confused grammar. Rather, we are being taught, in a limited way, that God is a plurality in unity. We can’t say from this verse that He is a trinity, but God progressively reveals more about Himself in later Scriptures to bring us to that conclusion.

In Isaiah 48:12–16 we find the speaker in the passage describing himself as the Creator and yet saying that “the Lord God and His Spirit have sent Me.” This is further hinting at the doctrine of the trinity, which becomes very clear in the New Testament. There are many other Old Testament Scriptures that hint at the same idea.

In Matthew 28:18–20 Jesus command His disciples to baptize His followers in the name (singular) of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. John’s Gospel tells us that “the Word” is God who became man in Jesus Christ (John 1:1–3, 14). Jesus was fully man and fully God. Many other verses combine together to teach that God is triune.

As a start on a thorough discussion on this topic, the following chart is an accumulation of many of the passages that show the deity of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. An expanded treatment of these points will follow in a web article later this year.

  God, the Father God, the Son God, the Holy Spirit
is the Creator Genesis 1:1; 2:4; 14:19–22 Deuteronomy 32:6; Psalm 102:25; Isaiah 42:5; 45:18; Mark 13:19; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Ephesians 3:9; Hebrews 2:10; Revelation 4:11 John 1:1–3; Colossians 1:16–17; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 1:2; 1:8–12 Genesis 1:2; Job 33:4; Psalm 104:30
is unchanging and eternal Psalm 90:2; Psalm 102:25–27; Isaiah 43:10; Malachi 3:6 Micah 5:2; Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 1:8–12, 13:8; John 8:58 Hebrews 9:14
has a distinct will Luke 22:42 Luke 22:42 Acts 13:2; 1 Corinthians 12:11
accepts worship Too many to list Matthew 14:33; Hebrews 1:6
accepts prayer Too many to list John 14:14; Romans 10:9–13 2 Corinthians 12:8–9
is the only savior Isaiah 43:11, 45:21; Hosea 13:4; 1 Timothy 1:1 John 4:42; Acts 4:12, 13:23; Philippians 3:20; 2 Timothy 1:10; Titus 1:4, 2:13, 3:6; 2 Peter 1:11, 2:20, 3:18; 1 John 4:14 John 3:5; 1 Corinthians 12:3
has the power to resurrect 1 Thessalonians 1:8–10 John 2:19, 10:17 Romans 8:11
is called God John 1:18, 6:27; Philippians 1:2, 2:11; Ephesians 4:6; 2 Thessalonians 1:2 John 1:1–5, 1:14, 1:18, 20:28; Colossians 2:9; Hebrews 1:8; Titus 2:13 Acts 5:3–4; 2 Corinthians 3:15–17
is called Mighty God Isaiah 10:21; Luke 22:69 Isaiah 9:6
is omnipresent/everywhere 1 Kings 8:27; Isaiah 46:10 Matthew 28:18–20 Psalm 139:7–10
is omnipotent/has power and authority 2 Chronicles 20:6, 25:8; Job 12:13; Romans 1:20; 1 Corinthians 6:14; Jude 1:25 John 3:31, 3:35, 14:6, 16:15; Philippians 2:9–11 1 Samuel 11:6; Luke 1:35
is all-knowing Psalm 139:2; Isaiah 46:10; 1 John 3:20; Acts 15:8 John 16:3, 21:17 1 Corinthians 2:10–11
has the fullness of God in him (not just “a part of God”) N/A Colossians 2:9
gives life Genesis 1:21, 1:24, 2:7; Psalm 49:15; John 3:16, 5:21; 1 Timothy 6:13 John 5:21, 14:6, 20:31; Romans 5:21 2 Corinthians 3:6; Romans 8:11
loves John 3:16; Romans 8:39; Ephesians 6:23; 1 John 4:6, 4:16 Mark 10:21; John 15:9; Ephesians 5:25, 6:23 Romans 15:30
has ownership of believers Psalm 24:1; John 8:47 Romans 7:4, 8:9
is distinct Matthew 3:16–17, 28:19; John 17:1 Matthew 3:16–17, 4:1, 28:19; John 17:1 1 Samuel 19:20; Matthew 3:16–17, 4:1, 28:19
is judge Genesis 18:25; Psalm 7:11, 50:6, 94:1–2, 96:13, 98:9; John 8:50; Romans 2:16 John 5:21–27; Acts 17:31; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Timothy 4:1
forgives sin Micah 7:18 Luke 7:47–50
claimed divinity Exodus 20:2 Matthew 26:63–64
is uncreated, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End Isaiah 44:6 Revelation 1:17–18, 22:13
lives in the believer John 14:23; 2 Corinthians 6:16; 1 John 3:24 John 14:20–23; Galatians 2:20; Colossians 1:27 John 14:16–17; Romans 8:11; 1 Peter 1:11
has the godly title “I Am,” pointing to the eternality of God Exodus 3:14 John 8:58
is personal and has fellowship with other persons 1 John 1:3 1 Corinthians 1:9; 1 John 1:3 Acts 13:2; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Ephesians 4:30; Philippians 2:1
makes believers holy (sanctifies them) 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Colossians 1:22 1 Peter 1:2
knows the future Isaiah 46:10; Jeremiah 29:11 Matthew 24:1–51, 26:64; John 16:32, 18:4 1 Samuel 10:10, 19:20; Luke 1:67; 2 Peter 1:21
is called “Lord of Lords” Deuteronomy 10:17; Psalm 136:3 Revelation 17:14, 19:16

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