A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Morning, August 5, 1860, By Pastor C. H. Spurgeon, At Exeter Hall, Strand.
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared for glory. Even us, whom he has called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles. (Ro 9:23,24)
1. It is with no view to controversy that I have selected this text, but for a far higher and more practical purpose, namely, that by this truth, many of us may search ourselves, and that we may be able to discover whether we have any of the marks of the vessels of mercy which God has before prepared for glory. We must take the next verse to complete our text—“Even us, whom he has called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles.”
2. The context invites us to visit the potter’s house. There in the workshop you perceive various vessels in the process of formation. The wheel is revolving, and from it you see continually taken, vessels of an ignoble kind, suited only for the very lowliest purposes, and on the other hand, from the same clay you see produced, vessels that might grace the palace of a king, vessels of honour fit for honourable purposes. We now conduct you to a greater workshop, to the great potter’s house of Providence. The wheel of circumstances is continually revolving; men, like masses of clay are placed upon it, but they are not all formed alike. There are some men who are evidently to the casual observer, vessels not adapted for the high and honourable occupations of heaven and glory. There are men who, every time the wheel revolves, become worse in character, and more depraved in mind; there are men who, by the very providence which is blessed to others, become more completely adept in iniquity, and masters in crime. On the other hand, with pleasure you may perceive that on the same wheel there are some vessels, which, touched by the skilful hand of the great potter, are being daily more and more finished and completed, and you can soon perceive that they are not of the same kind as those we have just now passed by; but they are intended for higher uses and nobler purposes. In fact, they are preparing to stand at last, in the midst of paradise, the glorious trophies of the skill and power of the great Maker.
3. Since my sermon is intended to be practical and not controversial, I shall solemnly invite each hearer to tremble lest he should belong to the reprobate and abandoned vessels of wrath. I speak with the deepest sorrow when I ask the question, with the probability, indeed, the almost certainty that it must be answered in the affirmative—“Are there not some of you here present, who are being formed for destruction?” God is not forming you, you are forming yourselves, by daily developing and indulging the depravity of your heart. You are seeking out every new pleasure, and every new sin, and though often warned to turn from your course of evil are there not some of you who are rushing headlong to destruction? Are not many of you by a course of sin and folly, ripening yourselves for the great harvest of the Lord? Are you not making yourselves ready to be as stubble fully dried, cast into the oven of his wrath? This is not to be laid to the charge of God, but the guilt must lie at your own door. If anyone of you perishes, your blood shall be on your own head. The eternal God is not guilty for the murder of men’s souls, they who die and sink in hell are suicides; they have rejected mercy, they have despised the Saviour, they have chosen sin and hated holiness. As was their choice, such is their portion; as was their rebellious will on earth, such must be their tormented destiny for ever. Oh, if I could see with an infallible glance, the hearts and consciences of all present, might I not as I cast my eye along these seats, say of this one and that one, even in the judgment of charity, that man is preparing for destruction, his crimes demand punishment, his spirit is of such a character that he requires to dwell for ever at a distance from God. His will is so headstrong, his intentions so obstinate, his passion so desperate, that everyone may see with half an eye, that he is preparing to dwell for ever, where bliss, and even hope, are everlasting strangers. Oh my dear brethren, what shall I say to you, how shall I preach to you? You are filling up the measure of your iniquity, and preparing with all diligence to be fitting companions for the demons in hell. It needs a tender heart, and an earnest voice, to address such as you are. Permit me to speak to you in the language of Scripture. Why will you die, oh house of Israel, why will you hug the pleasures of sin—pleasures which you know must be followed by the torments of eternity! Why will you put from you the hope of life? Why will you reject the Saviour? It will be an awful thing, you who are vessels of mirth, when you shall be filled with wrath; you who are now vessels of pleasure, and vessels of pride, it will be a dreadful thing when God shall fill you to the brim with misery, and you shall be overflowing with his anger. Oh Lord, we beseech you, undo the sinner’s work. Great Potter, reverse the wheel, remould the clay, break in pieces the old vessel that is preparing to be a drinking cup for Satan, and melt it down again, and refashion it, and bring it forth again upon the wheel, and touch it with your own hand, and make it yet a vessel for honour, fitted for the Master’s use!
4. And now I have a more pleasing task of turning immediately to our text, and considering the character of those who on the other hand are the “vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared for glory. Even us, whom he has called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles.” There are three things we will look at this morning; first, the vessels; secondly, the potter at his work; and then, the potter’s stamp which is set upon the vessels,—the stamp of divine calling, which marks them as being the vessels of mercy.
5. I. First, then, let us look upon the saints of God as described here, under the title of VESSELS OF MERCY.
6. 1. And the first thing we observe here is, that as vessels of mercy it is distinctly said that they are made from the same lump as the vessels of wrath. The same piece of clay from which the vessel of wrath is fashioned may be used by God to make also a vessel of mercy. Oh, dear brother! you who have hope of a future heaven, and a foretaste of it even now; look back to the hole of the pit from where you were dug, to the miry clay from where you were drawn! There was nothing in you by nature better than that which is found in any other man. You lay in the impure mass of fallen creatureship, and if God has made you a vessel of mercy it was not because there was anything in you that could merit esteem, there was no fitness, no natural adaptation in you to become what you are; you are a miracle of his love and of his distinguishing grace. Had he left you to yourself, you would have been as base and vile as others in your life; you had been as despairing and as Christless as others in your death; you would have been as surely damned in eternity as the man who has descended into the pit, red with the blood of many a murdered one. Remember, you were in the loins of Adam, in the loins which fathered a Judas; you are a son of the same mother Eve, who conceived and brought into the world Cain the murderer, and of Demas who forsook the Lord, and of Judas who sold him for thirty pieces of silver. You know, too, in your own experience, that your temper is as evil, your disposition as vile, and your tendency as hellish, as that of any man who has perished upon the gallows. If there is a difference in you, the difference is by grace and not by nature; for this very morning you have had in your own soul a proof that you are taken from the old block, and are only a thread from the leprous rag of fallen humanity. My dear hearers, have you learned this truth in your own souls? I know there are some who will not believe that they are depraved; they cannot be brought to think that they are as fallen as the worst of men, but they set themselves up with pride, pretending to believe that there is something in them better than is to be found in the criminal or the profligate. I give you very little hope that you are a child of God if you have never learned this truth. I find that God’s elect here are of the same lump as the chief of sinners, and if you are from a different lump it is an omen that you are not one of the chosen people of God. All God’s people must learn, as surely as ever grace teaches them, that they are vile. Christians may differ in a thousand doctrines, but they never differ in this one point. We all believe, and we are all constrained to confess, that our nature is vile from its beginning,—evil, only evil, and that continually. If there is any good in any of us, we all acknowledge it is the work of divine grace, and not the fruit of creature strength, nor an emanation from our depraved hearts. I pray God that you may learn this lesson, and if you have learned it, do not let it discourage you, but rather give you hope. As you look upon yourselves and say, “I see that I am from the old stock,” lift up your eye to the God of all grace and cry, “Oh great Potter! though I am from the old clay, yet fashion me by your grace, and make me a vessel of mercy prepared for glory.”
7. 2. Further, it appears both from the text and the context that these vessels of mercy were as much as any other portion of the clay, entirely in the potter’s hand. Had the potter willed to leave that mass of clay alone, and let it revolve upon the wheel untouched by his gracious hand, or surrendered to the tools of Satan and his craft; if, I say, the great potter had left you or me who are vessels of mercy to ourselves, we most surely would have been vessels of wrath. Jehovah might have done this if he had willed to do so, and there would have been no power in us to outfit ourselves for heaven. Hell’s thistles grow self-sown, but God’s wheat needs a farmer. Vessels of mercy outfit themselves for destruction, but grace alone can prepare a soul for glory. There is no reason in the world why any man should be saved apart from the sovereign and distinguishing grace of God. If the Lord had permitted the whole human race to perish he would have been infinitely just, and throughout eternity the angels would still have sung in songs of adoration to him. If he had chosen to spare a few of mankind, the sparing of only a few would have been an act of surprising mercy, and mercy and judgment would have constituted the two elements of the eternal song. Inasmuch however, as he has taken so much of the clayish mass, and has been pleased to make vessels of mercy innumerable as the stars of heaven, to his name be all the glory for ever and ever. Take heed that when you think of the number of the redeemed you do not mar the idea that God is a sovereign still. Had he saved only one, you would have said it was an instance of absolute sovereignty, though he has saved tens of thousands the sovereignty is just as absolute as it was before. Had the Lord left you to become all that your evil nature and Satan could have made you, you could not have murmured. If he had permitted you to go on in your drunkenness without sending the gospel to you, and if he had allowed you to reject that gospel as you would have done unless he had constrained you to receive it, you could not have impugned his justice, even though you might have murmured at it. You have been made what you are, not as the result of any compulsion of merit demanding a debt from the Lord, nor by any effort of your own, but you are what you are as the effect of the sovereign discriminating love of God the Father in Christ Jesus our Lord.
8. Now let me ask my hearers again, have you learned this truth; have you learned how entirely you lie in God’s hand? Have you ever been brought my hearer to believe, that if saved it must be his will that saves you, though if lost it is your will that damns you? Have you ever been stripped so naked, so thoroughly naked, that you have said, “I have no claim upon God. If he saves me, it must be mercy, pure mercy, unmingled mercy!” Oh! if you have never been brought here I tremble for you. I pray the Lord to bring you to this place, for it is the very threshold of the door of grace; and when a man is brought here, he is not far from the kingdom of God. Be it so with each of us that we may acknowledge the sovereignty, and then admire grace in the sovereignty.
9. 3. But to proceed. The text speaks of God’s chosen ones as being “vessels.” Now as we all know, a vessel is nothing but a receiver. A vessel is not a fountain, it is not a creator of the water, but a container and holder of that which is poured into it. Such are the redeemed of God. They are not fountains by nature, out of whom there springs up anything that is good; they are simply receivers, and receivers only. At one time they are full of themselves, but grace empties them, and then as empty vessels they are placed in the way of God’s goodness, God fills them to the brim with his lovingkindness, and so they are proven to be the vessels of his mercy. Sinner! remember all that God asks of you in order for your salvation is, that you would be a receiver, and this he gives you—even the power to receive. You may receive from him who gives all. He does not ask you to do anything, but to hold out your empty hand and take all you want. He does not ask you to come with your mouth full as one that is fat and filled with bread, but to open wide your empty mouth, and he will fill it with his salvation. He does not bid you to fill your granaries and become rich, but he bids you simply to confess your poverty and open the doors of your empty rooms so that he may pour you out a blessing such as you shall scarcely find room to receive. The elect of God, to repeat again my text, are vessels and vessels only. They may as vessels afterwards give out to others, but they can only give out what God has put in them; they may work out their own salvation with fear and trembling, but they cannot work it out unless God works in them both to will and to do of his good pleasure. They may run over with gratitude, but it is only because God has filled them with grace; they may stream forth with holiness, it is only because the Lord keeps the supply overflowing. They are receivers and receivers only.
10. And now let me ask, have you ever learned this truth my hearer? Have you come to live as a receiver at the hand of God? Have you stood at mercy’s gate as a ragged beggar crying for his bread? Have you ever been compelled to say,
Nothing in my hands I bring,
Simply to your cross I cling?
In God’s name I assure you, if you have never become a vessel of mercy, if you have never yet been willing to take from God instead of giving your own doings to him, if you are not willing to be a recipient of his own gratuitous goodness, you are a total stranger to everything like the gospel of Christ. The Romanist who brings his prayers, the formalist who brings his ceremonies, the hypocrite who brings his profession—all these men have misunderstood the gospel. The gospel is a scheme not of giving to God, but of taking from God. It is not of bringing something to the Eternal Jehovah, but it is taking from his fulness, drinking from his well, receiving from his storehouse. You have not yet begun to spell out salvation, unless you have learned first of all that you can do nothing and be nothing, except God makes you something and enables you to do something in his cause.
11. 4. But furthermore and lastly upon this first point, the children of God are called vessels, but they have this added by way of distinction they are “vessels of mercy.” In order that they may be vessels of mercy it is certainly necessary that they should be sinful and that they should be miserable. Pity may be given to the miserable, but mercy must be bestowed upon the sinful. For a judge to talk about mercy to those who never had offended would be to insult them, and for the philanthropist to offer pity to the man who knows no sorrow, would be only to mock him. The only qualifications that a man can have for being a vessel of mercy, are the qualifications of being sinful and of being sorrowful—two qualifications, which I do not doubt many of you now possess, although because you have them, you think that you never can be a child of God. Oh rejoice in this thought, that in order to be filled with grace the qualification is emptiness; in order to be clothed with righteousness, the indispensable qualification is nakedness; in order to be washed in Jesus’ blood, all that is needed by you is, that you should feel your need of that washing. The redeemed of God are not vessels of merit but vessels of mercy; they are sinful men and women who have felt their sin and have mourned over their iniquity, and therefore they have become sorrowful and miserable. It is then, that God shows to them that they are vessels of mercy. If I could wander through this hall and read each heart, I should find some, I do not doubt, who have come here saying, “I am the chief of sinners. I feel that if all the world were saved there is no room for me, for there is not one good trait in my character; my sin is so aggravated; I have heard the gospel so often, and yet I have rejected it; conscience has stirred me so many times, and yet I would not listen to its admonitions. I am sure, I am certain, that I am in the most hopeless plight, and I am fearfully miserable because of this. Oh! that there was mercy to be had in heaven, and that God would have pity upon such a one as I am!” Soul, soul, there is comfort for you in this text. Have I not told you, and do you not believe it, that the vessel must be empty before it can be filled? And you are empty. There is hope then that God will save you. The vessel must be black with sin before it can be washed with mercy. And you are black. There is hope then, that you shall be cleansed. A vessel must be filled with misery before it can be filled with mercy, you are filled with misery, and full of sorrow. Oh! be of good cheer; bring this vessel of yours, full of misery though it is, and empty it all at the foot of the cross; and I tell you sinner, my words are true, he will fill your vessel with the richest mercy that he ever gave to the brightest of his saints, or to the boldest of his apostles.
12. What a glad and joyous hour it is, when God for the first time fills the vessel with his mercy. My soul cannot help going back to the hour in my own experience, when the first flood of mercy filled this poor empty vessel to the brim. That vessel had been filled to bursting with wormwood and gall for many and many a day. Often it had seemed as if the vessel must be shattered with the workings of inward sorrow, but at last the hour had come, Jehovah said, “Look to me and be saved all the ends of the earth.” This eye looked, this heart believed, and in a moment that vessel, emptied of self, and emptied of misery, was plunged into the sea of mercy and fully submerged. I thought I would have a little hope at first, and then a stronger confidence, but no; my sun arose in the fulness of its strength, the stream came not by slow degrees, but in an instant the vessel was covered, swallowed up, and lost in joy and love. The gladness of that hour, I can remember, but I cannot describe. Then I knew my sins were forgiven; I could dance for mirth. Then I knew my name was inscribed in the Lamb’s fair Book of Life, and nothing that earth could have afforded, could give a drop of joy that was comparable to the bliss of that hour. Oh! may it not be so with some of you this morning. Men, brethren, fathers, mothers, and sisters—may it not be so with you. Turn, I beseech you, your tearful eyes to Jesus hanging on the cross, and it shall be so now. Come, bring your empty vessels, for the fountain flows. Do not break your pitcher with despair, but come and fill it with the hand of faith. There is room for you here at the marriage feast, you shivering beggar, clothed with the rags of sin; come, the voice of mercy bids you; the arms of Jesus are outstretched to woo you; you are not rejected; mercy’s door is not shut: come and be welcomed. It is the eleventh hour—the twelfth hour, though it has struck on earth, has not struck in heaven—there is time yet; your noontime of mercy is not passed. The hour of grace still lasts, and even now you may read your name as a vessel of mercy fully prepared for eternal glory.
13. II. We have cast our eye upon the vessels, let us now pause a little while and see THE POTTER AT HIS WORK.
14. When a potter is about to make a vessel you must not imagine that he takes up the mere clay and puts it on the wheel and then leaves it to chance as to what shall be made of it. No, he has his plan. Before he sits down to the labour, he knows what kind of vessel he is about to make. So it is with our Divine Potter who is in heaven. He takes the poor sinner as a mass of clay; he puts him on the wheel, and as that wheel revolves the potter looks and sees in that clay a future something which does not appear to the vessel, but which only appears to the great Workman’s eyes. We may truly say of each of us who knows the Lord, that “it does not yet appear what we shall be;” and what we shall be never will appear until we shall see Christ as he is, and be like him. The Potter, however, knows what we are to be. Our Father who is in heaven will not be deceived at last as to what he will make of his people. He has a plan, and that plan I think I may read to you in these few words—“He will present us without spot or wrinkle, or any such thing.” Sweet and blessed consideration! God intends to make of every sinner who believes on him a spotless, perfect vessel, full of glory. He does not intend to leave a single sin unpardoned, or to let a single evil principle remain in your soul. He means to tear up your iniquity by the roots, and make us totally free from the very being and indwelling of sin. He means to wash you so completely in the blood of Christ, that both the power and the guilt of sin shall all be taken away; and he means as the completion of all to make you in the image of Christ Jesus—as fair and lovely as that spotless and perfect Lamb of God. Oh! Christian, does not this rejoice your heart—you shall yet be like Christ? Oh! you say, “I am as much like the devil sometimes as I can be, and I often have to mourn that there is so much of the old Adam in me.” Yes, but rejoice; it does not yet appear what you shall be. Every mark of Satan shall yet be put away from you; every tinge of the old depravity shall yet be cleansed; and when you shall be taken into heaven as a vessel thoroughly finished, you will be a theme of wonder to all the angels and the glorified spirits, who shall gather all around you to see the matchless skill and grace of God as it is revealed in your character and in your nature. The Lord grant that we may always have an eye to the great plan of the Potter, so that when sharp afflictions make us whirl upon the wheel, we may rejoice that the plan is being accomplished, and that we shall come forth perfect from the hand of the Maker.
15. And now while we are stopping here to notice the potter at his work, having glanced at the plan, let us observe that like every potter he first of all makes the outlines in the clay. You may have seen the man at work executing designs in glass. Perhaps at the very first moment you may form a rough guess of what the whole thing is to be, though the ornament and elaboration which constitute the main part of the beauty you cannot yet discover. It is certain that the moment a man begins to be prepared for heaven by the grace of God in his soul, you may see the outlines of what he is to be, although it is only the bare outlines. Shall I tell you what those outlines are? There is first of all in him—faith in Christ; a simple, childlike trust in him who hung upon the tree. There is next in him another mark of the potter’s hand—that is love for Christ—a love that is strong as death, though sometimes it seems to be feeble as a worm. There is in him also a hope that does not make ashamed, and a joy which makes his countenance glad. It is only the bare outline, as I have said, for the glory which excels is not there. The vase is only in its embryo, but yet sufficiently developed to give a prophecy of its finished form; but as for the pictures that shall be inlaid, as for all the various colours that shall be used upon it, you cannot guess as yet, nor could you, unless you could climb up to the potter’s seat and see the plan upon which he looks as the clay revolves upon the wheel.
16. Dear brothers and sisters, have you anything in you as yet of the great outlines? Can you say in truth, “I do believe on the Lord Jesus?” Do not fear then, my hearer, you are a vessel of mercy; not a finished vessel, but one that shall be finished. Can you say,
Oh yes, I do love Jesus,
Because he first loved me?
If that is true, you are not yet what you shall be, but you are a vessel of mercy for all that. And does your hope sometimes tell you that through Jesus you shall stand among the glorified? Then be glad; the potter has begun with you and he will never leave you. He mars no vessel on the wheel, or if it is marred he will remake it. He does not throw away the clay which he has once taken in his hand. He will complete what he has begun. He knows no failures and no disappointments. You shall yet be all that he wishes to have you to be, and filled with glory you shall glitter in heaven at last.
17. But to proceed—as the potter goes on with his work, you may perceive the gradual completion of the article which he makes. And so, dear brethren, if you are vessels of mercy, there will not always be in you the bare outline, but as time goes on there will be some of the beautiful lines and filling in. It is always a joy to me that such a large proportion of grayheaded Christians always attend here, and it is a theme of wonder also as well as of joy, because I can scarcely understand what they can learn from me. The Lord must have taught them so much more in these many years; he must have been engraving them and using the tool of affliction upon them so long that they must be getting ready, they must be getting nearer to that glorious readiness which prepares the people of God for entrance into eternal life. I am not among those who think that a Christian is a thing that stands still. He is a vessel, but is a vessel on the wheel; he is clay, but he is clay in the potter’s hand gradually being formed. I should question whether there is any of the life of God in a man if that life does not germinate and grow, for life is a thing that will grow and you cannot prevent it. You may seek to bind up the branch of a tree or to restrain it, but if it cannot grow in one direction it will in another; if it cannot swell in one place where you have wrapped it, although it will often burst the tightest bond you can put around it, if it cannot swell there, it will surely grow somewhere else. So it is with the life of God in the Christian—it will grow. The Christian will be growing more and more like his Master. You sometimes seem to think you are going backward, yet if you are the children of God there is a constant going forward after all. There may be occasional backslidings, but the tenor of your life will be progress. You may slip, indeed and fall, but still “Onward” will be the true motto of your course. You will be progressing in the divine life, and I do not think brother that you are a vessel of mercy, if after twenty or thirty years of union with Christ’s Church there has been no growth in you; if you do not know more of your Lord’s faithfulness; if you do not feel more of your own weakness and depravity better; if your faith has not become more unstaggering, and more confident in him who is faithful and true; if you have not more longings after him, and more will to be spent in his cause, I should begin to question whether you are a vessel on the Master’s wheel. I do not think he would lose twenty-five years over you, that he would let you be spinning around on the wheel of providence all that while and yet never have touched you, and never have made you more fit to be a partaker of the inheritance of the saints in light. In fact, it is just this growth of grace that is one of the evidences of life, and though you may not be able at all times to discover it, yet it is there. If you are a vessel of mercy you are getting nearer towards completion; nearer to the day when with everlasting songs you shall be presented before the Father’s face.
18. Oh, brethren, if we can only see here on earth, vessels getting ready for perfection, and if those vessels have so much beauty in them as the children of God really have, what must they be when at last they shall be finished? Jehovah, how glorious shall be your workmanship in your second creation. If this world is fair, how much fairer shall the new world be: if in your old creation, you have made such beauties that the admiring angels may come down to view them, and the morning stars may find in them subjects for song, what shall your new creation be: if that rough work which you only spoke from your mouth, is so marvellously beautiful, what must be that work to accomplish which you have sat down to the potter’s wheel, to perform which you have shed your own blood, and to perfect which you have not spared the treasures of heaven, but emptied them out so that you might complete those vessels which shall be for your glory. Oh, the songs! oh, the hallelujahs that shall greet Jehovah’s workmanship, when all shall be completed, when all the vessels shall be brought home, when heaven’s tables shall be loaded with the richest of all ware, when souls shall be filled with the red wine of bliss, and all the glorified shall rejoice in God. What songs I say, what hallelujahs shall make the courts of heaven echo and reecho throughout eternity for ever and ever.
19. III. And now I shall come to my last point, upon which I shall be somewhat brief, but I hope, thoroughly in earnest. The last point was THE POTTERS MARK UPON HIS VESSELS.
20. In all manufacturing of costly wares there is always some trademark peculiar to the firm that has manufactured the article,—a mark which is not to be imitated, and without which no vessel is the genuine production of the professed maker. Brethren, you may know today whether you are a vessel of mercy; you may know by the Master’s mark upon you. That mark, the apostle tells you, is calling. Have you been called? for if you are called you are elected. Has Divine grace called you out of darkness into marvellous light? for if so, it is not a matter of question as to whether you are ordained to eternal life. You may rest assured that, without a doubt, your name was in the Lamb’s book of life from before the foundations of the world, if you have in time been called from sin to righteousness. Note then, the distinguishing mark of the great Potter upon his vessels of mercy is effectual calling. And I would here remark that that is a mark which no man can put upon you. It is one which God alone can impress. We can call you, but we cannot call you effectually. The earnest minister may cry aloud and spare not, and bid sinners come to the marriage supper of the Lamb, but it is in vain calling to deaf ears, and such are the ears of all men by nature. The Lord alone can so speak, that the deaf, indeed, the dead, must hear. Have you ever, then, felt a calling which is not of man, neither by man? Has the voice of mercy ever spoken to your soul, and said, “Come to Jesus?” and has it so spoken that your heart has said, “Your face, Lord, I will seek?” Oh, my dear hearers, you have been called times enough by me, so many times that if you perish, your blood must lie at your own door, God is witness that over the most of you these eyes have wept many and many a time. The Lord knows how earnestly I have called to you, how I have pleaded with you as though it were my own soul that was in danger, and as though I pleaded for my own life. If you have rejected these callings, be prepared to answer for it at the last great day. But alas, these callings you may have, and they may only sink you lower than the lowest hell. Have you ever received the irresistible calling of the Holy Spirit? Has he said to you, “Mary,” and have you said, “Rabboni?” Has he cried to you, “Zacchaeus make haste and come down,” and have you come down and received him into your house? Nothing but a call from Christ’s own lips shall ever compel such stubborn hearts as ours to follow him. Have you had that call, for if so, you have the mark of the potter upon you. You are not a vessel of wrath outfitted for destruction, but a vessel of mercy prepared for glory. I would further remark, that since this is a mark which no man can put upon you, so blessed be God, it is one which no man can take away from you. If God has called you, that calling is without repentance, God will not repent and take back the gift which he has given to you. If he has called you by his grace to repentance, he will call you to faith, and then from faith to love, from love to patience, and to hope, and onwards until at last he whispers, “Come up here,” and he calls you to glory. I do not believe in that gospel which teaches that a man may be effectually called and yet may perish, that a heart may be thoroughly renewed and yet may go back to its old state, that in fact God’s work may melt away like “the baseless fabric of a vision;” that his new creation is only froth and foam; that it only lives by the will of a creature, and it dies if that creature has a will that it should do so. Indeed, my brethren, if the Lord has put heaven’s light in you once it is there for ever, and neither death nor hell can quench it, but in your soul it must and will burn. “Ah!” but one says, “If I indulge in sin.” Yes but you shall not indulge in sin, the Lord will preserve and keep you so that the Wicked One does not touch you. “But if I go back and sin as I used to do.” Indeed, but you cannot do it; that grace which has changed your nature, will hold you to the end, you shall walk in light until you come to walk in glory. “Your path shall be as the shining light which shines more and more to the perfect day,” and if you go back, we will say concerning you, “He went out from us because he was not of us, for if he had been of us, he doubtless would have continued with us. The dog has returned to his vomit, because he was a dog, and the sow that was washed has returned to her wallowing in the mire, because she was a sow.” But had the natures been changed they would never have returned to their old propensities; had they been made new creatures in Christ Jesus that new creation could never have been undone, God’s tapestry could not have been unravelled. His work could not have been consumed. It is eternal and must abide; it must last even to the perfection in glory. Be of good cheer then, the Lord has put his mark upon you, the devil cannot wash it out.
21. And then, to conclude, let me remark, if you have had the seal of calling stamped upon you, that seal is sure and certain. There never was a man yet called out of darkness into light by mistake; there never was a man who repented and then found he was not an elect one. Never a man went to Christ and then found he did not have a right to come and must go back. “Whoever comes to me I will in nowise cast out.” God has never made mistakes in the callings of his grace. The right man is called at the right time and in the right place; he goes to Christ and finds that what is a fact in time was a purpose in all eternity. Between calling and election there is an indissoluble union. If you have the link of calling in your hand, depend upon it that is fastened, though you cannot see it, to the other golden link of divine decree.
22. You could not have come to Christ unless the Father had drawn you, and the Father would not have drawn you unless he had intended to draw you, and that intention is election’s decree. Be then, quite certain that if you come, it was intended that you should come; and you were chosen by God from before the foundation of the world. Am I certain that I am regenerate? I cannot allow a dispute about whether I am elected or not. Am I sure that
My faith is fixed on nothing less
Than Jesus’ blood and righteousness?
23. I may be as sure of my election, as if I could climb to heaven and turn over the red roll and read my name in letters of gold. The Lord has given you a test which never failed yet, and never will. You shall not meet, either in time or in eternity, a single penitent, who found that he had repented and believed through error. Oh! no. The fruit proves the life of the tree, and the fact that you have mercy, proves that God intended to give you the mercy; and what is that except all that we mean by the doctrine, that God has, from the beginning, chosen to salvation those who believe in Christ Jesus.
24. And now, before I send you away, let me say one or two earnest words. It makes my heart glad to see what work the Lord is doing in our day everywhere. I do not think these are times over which God’s people ought to sorrow. There is more doing in London now than has been accomplished for the last twenty years. The people of God are earnest in prayer. There are men raised up to preach in simple language the truth as it is in Jesus; and I do hope that whatever good we have seen in the past is about to be quite eclipsed and outdone by greater things that are on their way. But, my brothers and sisters, who can shut his eyes to the sad fact, that in days of revival there are some who are unblessed? I am anxious about you, that while God is working on the right hand and on the left, you should not escape without receiving the blessing from on high. Oh! to be like Gideon’s fleece—dry when the floor is wet! To remain in a barren spot of ground when all the earth is filled with fertility! And yet, my dear hearers, this is the case with some of you. You are still becoming more and more outfitted for destruction. Oh! I would solemnly warn you. That fitness for destruction will certainly end in destruction. Sin and Hell are married unless Repentance proclaims the divorce. As you sow you must reap. It is of no use your looking into mysterious doctrines to find anything which can contradict this truth. As your life is, such must your end be; and if your course is without Christ your end shall be without Christ, and your eternal home shall be without hope and far away from eternal happiness. But oh! I pray that instead of that, the Lord in his infinite bounty may call you effectually by his grace. I pray that the Holy Spirit may descend, but how shall we obtain that Holy Spirit? Only by the conjoined and united prayers of the Church of Christ. My dear friends, let us pray more earnestly. Not only for our own comfort, but the salvation of sinners lies in the hands of God. We cannot save them; we cannot awaken them. Let us cry—“Oh! Lord, take the work in hand;” and from this hour let every Christian in our midst resolve that he will give the Lord no rest, until he sends down the showers of his grace, and revives his work in the midst of our Church and throughout every land. Let me dismiss you with just a word of prayer to that effect.
25. Oh! Lord, revive your work we pray. We are feeble and weak; we can do nothing. But come yourself and achieve triumphs, and let victories be won. Come and break the hard heart, and subdue the stubborn will. Lord, save the unsaved. Especially will you be pleased to awaken those here present who are dead in sin, and let the vessels of mercy, whom of your sovereign good pleasure you have chosen out of the mass of mankind, be filled with mercy until they overflow with gratitude and joy. Oh! Lord, hear us, and let the feeble effort of this morning be crowned with richer success than we can ask or even think, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
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