A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Morning, July 9, 1871, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. 8/1/2011*8/1/2011
The voice said, “Cry.” And he said, “What shall I cry?” “All flesh is grass, and all its goodness is as the flower of the field: the grass withers, the flower fades: because the Spirit of the Lord blows upon it: surely the people is grass. The grass withers, the flower fades: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.” (Isaiah 40:6-8)
Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which lives and remains for ever. For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withers, and its flower falls away: but the word of the Lord endures for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached to you. (1 Peter 1:23-25)
For other sermons on this text:
(See Spurgeon_SermonTexts "Isa 40:8")
(See Spurgeon_SermonTexts "1Pe 1:23")
(See Spurgeon_SermonTexts "1Pe 1:24")
(See Spurgeon_SermonTexts "1Pe 1:25")
1. The passage in Isaiah which I have just read in your hearing may be used as a very eloquent description of our mortality, and if a sermon should be preached from it upon the frailty of human nature, the brevity of life, and the certainty of death, no one could dispute the appropriateness of the text. Yet I venture to question whether such a discourse would strike the central teaching of the prophet. Something more than the decay of our material flesh is intended here; the carnal mind, the flesh in another sense, was intended by the Holy Spirit when he asked his messenger to proclaim those words. It does not seem to me that a mere expression of the mortality of our race was needed in this place by the context; it would hardly keep pace with the sublime revelations which surround it, and would in some measure be a digression from the subject at hand. The notion that we are here simply and alone reminded of our mortality does not square with the New Testament exposition of it in Peter, which I have also placed before you as a text. There is another and more spiritual meaning here besides and beyond what would be contained in the great and very obvious truth that all of us must die.
2. Look at the chapter in Isaiah with care. What is its subject? It is the divine consolation of Zion. Zion had been tossed to and fro with conflicts; she had been smarting under the result of sin. The Lord, to remove her sorrow, asks his prophets to announce the coming of the long expected Deliverer, the end and accomplishment of all her warfare and the pardon of all her iniquity. There is no doubt that this is the theme of the prophecy; and further, there is no kind of question about the next point, that the prophet goes on to foretell the coming of John the Baptist as the harbinger of the Messiah. We have no difficulty in the explanation of the passage, “Prepare the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God”; for the New Testament again and again refers this to John the Baptist and his ministry. The object of the coming of John the Baptist and the mission of the Messiah, whom he heralded, was the revelation of divine glory. Observe the fifth verse: “The glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord has spoken it.” Well, what next? Was it needful to mention man’s mortality in this connection? We do not think so. But there is much more appropriateness in the succeeding verses, if we see their deeper meaning. Do they not mean this? In order to make room for the display of the divine glory in Christ Jesus and his salvation, there would come a withering of all the glory in which man boasts himself: the flesh should be seen in its true nature as corrupt and dying, and the grace of God alone should be exalted. This would be seen under the ministry of John the Baptist first, and should be the preparatory work of the Holy Spirit in men’s hearts, in all time, in order that the glory of the Lord should be revealed and human pride be for ever confounded.
3. The Spirit blows upon the flesh, and what seemed vigorous becomes weak, what was fair to look upon is stricken with decay; the true nature of the flesh is thus discovered, its deceit is laid bare, its power is destroyed, and there is time for the dispensation of the ever abiding word, and for the rule of the Great Shepherd, whose words are spirit and life. There is a withering performed by the Spirit which is the preparation for the sowing and implanting by which salvation is accomplished.
4. The withering before the sowing was very marvellously fulfilled in the preaching of John the Baptist. Most appropriately he carried on his ministry in the desert, for a spiritual desert was all around him; he was the voice of one crying in the wilderness. It was not his work to plant, but to hew down. The fleshly religion of the Jews was then in its prime. Phariseeism stalked through the streets in all its pomp; men complacently rested in outward ceremonies only, and spiritual religion was at the lowest conceivable ebb. Here and there might be found a Simeon and an Anna, but for the most part men knew nothing about spiritual religion, but said in their hearts: “We have Abraham for our father,” and this is enough. What a stir he made when he called the lordly Pharisees a generation of vipers! How he shook the nation with the declaration, “Now also the axe is laid to the root of the trees!” Stern as Elijah, his work was to level the mountains, and lay low every lofty imagination. That word, “Repent,” was as a scorching wind to the verdure of self-righteousness, a killing blast for the confidence of ceremonialism. His food and his clothing called for fasting and mourning. The outward sign of his ministry declared the death amid which he preached, as he buried in the waters of Jordan those who came to him. “You must die and be buried, even as he who is to come will save by death and burial.” This was the meaning of the emblem which he demonstrated before the crowd. His typical act was as thorough in its teaching as were his words; and as if that were not enough, he warned them of a yet more searching and trying baptism with the Holy Spirit and with fire, and of the coming of one whose fan was in his hand, thoroughly to purge his floor. The Spirit in John blew as the rough north wind, searching and withering, and made him to be a destroyer of the vain gloryings of a fleshly religion, so that the spiritual faith might be established.
5. When our Lord himself actually appeared, he came into a withered land, whose glories had all departed. Old Jesse’s stem was bare, and our Lord was the branch which grew out of his root. The sceptre had departed from Judah, and the lawgiver from between his feet, when Shiloh came. An alien sat on David’s throne, and the Roman called the covenant land his own. The lamp of prophecy burned only dimly, even if it had not utterly gone out. No Isaiah had arisen recently to console them, nor even a Jeremiah to lament their apostasy. The whole economy of Judaism was as a worn out vesture; it had grown old, and was ready to vanish away. The priesthood was disorganised. Luke tells us that Annas and Caiaphas were high priests that year — two in a year or at once, a strange setting aside of the laws of Moses. All the dispensation which gathered around the visible, or as Paul calls it, the “worldly” sanctuary, was coming to a close; and when our Lord had finished his work, the veil of the temple was torn in two, the sacrifices were abolished, the priesthood of Aaron was set aside, and carnal ordinances were abrogated, for the Spirit revealed spiritual things. When he came who was made a priest, “not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life,” there was “a disannulling of the commandment going before for its weakness and unprofitableness.”
6. Such are the facts of history; but I am not about to expound upon them: I am coming to your own personal histories — to the experience of every child of God. In every one of us it must be fulfilled that all that is of the flesh in us, seeing it is only as grass, must be withered, and its beauty must be destroyed. The Spirit of God, like the wind, must pass over the field of our souls, and cause our beauty to be as a fading flower. He must so convict us of sin, and so reveal ourselves to ourselves, that we shall see that the flesh profits nothing; that our fallen nature is corruption itself, and that “those who are in the flesh cannot please God.” There must be brought home to us the sentence of death upon our former legal and carnal life, that the incorruptible seed of the word of God, implanted by the Holy Spirit, may be in us, and remain in us for ever.
7. The subject of this morning is the withering work of the Spirit upon the souls of men, and when we have spoken upon it, we shall conclude with a few words upon the implanting work, which always follows where this withering work has been performed.
8. I. Now let us turn to THE WORK OF THE SPIRIT IN CAUSING THE GOODNESS OF THE FLESH TO FADE.
9. 1. Let us, first, observe that the work of the Holy Spirit upon the soul of man in withering up what is of the flesh, is very unexpected. You will observe in our text, that even the speaker himself, though doubtless one taught by God, when he was asked to cry, said, “What shall I cry?” Even he did not know that in order for the comforting of God’s people, there must first be experienced a preliminary visitation. Many preachers of God’s gospel have forgotten that the law is the schoolmaster to bring men to Christ. They have sown on the unbroken fallow ground and forgotten that the plough must break the clods. We have seen too much of trying to sew without the sharp needle of the Spirit’s convicting power. Preachers have laboured to make Christ precious to those who think themselves to be rich and increased in goods: and it has been labour in vain. It is our duty to preach Jesus Christ even to self-righteous sinners, but it is certain that Jesus Christ will never be accepted by them while they hold themselves in high esteem. Only the sick will welcome the physician. It is the work of the Spirit of God to convict men of sin, and until they are convicted of sin, they will never be led to seek the righteousness which is of God by Jesus Christ. I am persuaded, that wherever there is a real work of grace in any soul, it begins with a pulling down: the Holy Spirit does not build on the old foundation. Wood, hay, and stubble will not do for him to build upon. He will come as the fire, and cause a conflagration of all proud nature’s Babels. He will break our bow and cut our spear asunder, and burn our chariot in the fire. When every sandy foundation is gone, then, but not until then, behold he will lay in our souls the great foundation stone, chosen by God, and precious. The awakened sinner, when he asks that God would have mercy upon him, is much astonished to find that, instead of enjoying a speedy peace, his soul is bowed down within him under a sense of divine wrath. Naturally enough he enquires: “Is this the answer to my prayer? I prayed the Lord to deliver me from sin and self, and is this the way in which he deals with me? I said, ‘Hear me,’ and behold he wounds me with the wounds of a cruel one. I said, ‘Clothe me,’ and lo! he has torn off from me the few rags which covered me before, and my nakedness stares me in the face. I said, ‘Wash me,’ and behold he has plunged me in the ditch until my own clothes abhor me. Is this the way of grace?” Sinner, do not be surprised: it is even so. Do you not understand the reason for it? How can you be healed while the proud flesh is in your wound? It must come out. It is the only way to heal you permanently: it would be folly to bandage over your sore, or heal your flesh, and leave the leprosy within your bones. The great physician will cut with his sharp knife until the corrupt flesh is removed, for only in that way can a sure healing work be done in you. Do you not see that it is divinely wise that before you are clothed you should be stripped? What, would you have Christ’s lustrous righteousness outside whiter than any fuller can make it, and your own filthy rags concealed within? No, man; they must be put away; not a single thread of your own must be left upon you. It cannot be that God should cleanse you until he has made you see something of your defilement; for you would never value the precious blood which cleanses us from all sin if you had not first of all been made to mourn that you are altogether an unclean thing.
10. The convicting work of the Spirit, wherever it comes, is unexpected, and even to the child of God in whom this process has still to go on, it is often startling. We begin again to build what the Spirit of God had destroyed. Having begun in the Spirit, we act as if we would be made perfect in the flesh; and then when our faulty building has to be levelled with the earth, we are almost as astonished as we were when the scales first fell from our eyes. In some such condition as this was Newton when he wrote: —
I asked the Lord that I might grow
In faith and love and every grace,
Might more of his salvation know,
And seek more earnestly his face.
’Twas he who taught me thus to pray,
And he, I trust, has answered prayer;
But it has been in such a way
As almost drove me to despair.
I hop’d that in some favour’d hour,
At once he’d answer my request,
And by his love’s constraining power
Subdue my sins, and give me rest.
Instead of this, he made me feel
The hidden evils of my heart;
And let the angry powers of hell
Assault my soul in ev’ry part.
Ah, do not marvel, for in this way the Lord is accustomed to answer his people. The voice which says, “Comfort, comfort my people,” achieves its purpose by first making them hear the cry, “All flesh is grass, and all its goodness is as the flower of the field.”
11. 2. Furthermore, this withering is according to the usual procedure of the divine operation. If we consider well the way of God, we shall not be astonished that he begins with his people by terrible things in righteousness. [Observe the method of creation. I will not venture upon any dogmatic theory of geology, but there seems to be every probability that this world has been outfitted and destroyed, reoutfitted and then destroyed again, many times before the last arranging of it for the habitation of men. “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth”; then came a long interval, and at length, at the appointed time, during seven days, the Lord prepared the earth for the human race.] (a) Consider then the state of matters when the great architect began his work. What was there in the beginning? Originally, nothing. When he commanded the ordering of the earth how was it? “The earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.” There was no trace of another’s plan to interfere with the great architect. “With whom did he take counsel, and who instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and showed to him the way of understanding?” He received no contribution of column or pillar towards the temple which he intended to build. The earth was, as the Hebrew puts it, Tohu and Bohu, disorder and confusion — in a word, chaos. So it is in the new creation. When the Lord creates us anew, he borrows nothing from the old man, but makes all things new. He does not repair and add a new wing to the old house of our depraved nature, but he builds a new temple for his own praise. We are spiritually without form and empty, and darkness is upon the face of our heart, and his word comes to us, saying, “Light be,” and there is light, and before long life and every precious thing.
12. To take another example from the ways of God, when man has fallen, when did the Lord bring him the gospel? The first whisper of the gospel, as you know, was, “I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your seed and her seed. He shall bruise your head.” That whisper came to man shivering in the presence of his Maker, having nothing more to say by way of excuse; but standing guilty before the Lord. When did the Lord God clothe our parents? Not until first of all he had asked the question, “Who told you that you were naked?” Not until the fig leaves had utterly failed did the Lord bring in the covering skin of the sacrifice, and wrap them in it. If you will pursue the meditation upon the acts of God with men, you will constantly see the same thing. God has given us a wonderful type of salvation in Noah’s ark; but Noah was saved in that ark in connection with death; he himself, as it were, confined alive in a tomb, and all the world besides left to destruction. All other hope for Noah was gone, and then the ark rose upon the waters. Remember the redemption of the children of Israel out of Egypt: it occurred when they were in the saddest plight, and their cry went up to heaven by reason of their bondage. When no arm brought salvation, then with a high hand and an outstretched arm the Lord brought out his people. Everywhere before the salvation there comes the humbling of the creature, the overthrow of human hope. As in the backwoods of America before there can be farming, the founding of cities, the arts of civilization, and the transactions of commerce, the woodman’s axe must hack and hew: the stately trees of centuries must fall: the roots must be burned, the old reign of nature disturbed. The old must go before the new can come. Even thus the Lord takes away the first, so that he may establish the second. The first heaven and the first earth must pass away, or there cannot be a new heaven and a new earth. Now, just as it has been outwardly, we ought to expect that it would be the same within us and when these witherings and fadings occur in our souls, we should only say “It is the Lord, let him do as seems good to him.”
13. 3. I would have you notice, thirdly, that we are taught in our text how universal this process is in its range over the hearts of all those upon whom the Spirit works. The withering is a withering of what? Of part of the flesh and some portion of its tendencies? No, observe, “All flesh is grass; and all its goodness” — the very choice and pick of it — “is as the flower of the field,” and what happens to the grass? Does any of it live? “The grass withers,” all of it. The flower, will that not remain? So fair a thing, has that not an immortality? No, it fades: it utterly falls away. So wherever the Spirit of God breathes on the soul of man, there is a withering of everything that is of the flesh, and it is seen that to be carnally minded is death. Of course, we all know and confess that where there is a work of grace, there must be a destruction of our delight in the pleasures of the flesh. When the Spirit of God breathes on us, what was sweet becomes bitter; what was bright becomes dim. A man cannot love sin and yet possess the life of God. If he takes pleasure in fleshly joys in which he once delighted, he is still what he was: he follows the things of the flesh, and therefore he is after the flesh, and he shall die. The world and its lusts are to the unregenerate as beautiful as the meadows in spring, when they are bedecked with flowers, but to the regenerate soul they are a wilderness, a salt land, and uninhabited. Of those very things in which we once took delight we say, “Vanity of vanities; all is vanity.” We cry to be delivered from the poisonous joys of earth, we loathe them, and wonder that we could once riot in them. Beloved hearers, do you know what this kind of withering means? Have you seen the lusts of the flesh, and its pomps and pleasures all fade away before your eyes? It must be so, or the Spirit of God has not visited your soul.
14. But notice, wherever the Spirit of God comes, he destroys the goodness and flower of the flesh; that is to say, our righteousness withers just as our sinfulness. Before the Spirit comes we think ourselves as good as the best. We say, “I have kept all these commandments from my youth up,” and we superciliously ask, “What yet do I lack?” Have we not been moral? Indeed, have we not even been religious? We confess that we may have committed faults, but we think them very venial, and we venture, in our wicked pride, to imagine that, after all, we are not so vile as the word of God would lead us to think. Ah, my dear hearer, when the Spirit of God blows on the comeliness of your flesh, its beauty will fade as a leaf, and you will have quite another idea about yourself; you will then find no language too severe in which to describe your past character. Searching deep into your motives, and investigating what motivated you to your actions, you will see so much of evil, that you will cry with the tax collector, “God be merciful to me, a sinner!”
15. Where the Holy Spirit has withered up in us our self-righteousness, he has not half completed his work; there is still much more to be destroyed, and among the rest, away must go our boasted power of resolution. Most people imagine that they can turn to God whenever they resolve to do so. “I am a man of such strength of mind,” one says, “that if I made up my mind to be religious, I would be without difficulty.” “Ah,” says another volatile spirit, “I believe that one of these days I can correct the errors of the past, and begin a new life.” Ah, dear hearers, the resolutions of the flesh are good flowers, but they must all fade. When visited by the Spirit of God, we find that even when the will is present with us, how to perform what we wish to do, we are not able to; yes, and we discover that our will is averse to all that is good, and that naturally we will not come to Christ so that we may have life. What poor frail things resolutions are when seen in the light of God’s Spirit!
16. Still the man will say, “I believe I have, after all, within myself an enlightened conscience and an intelligence that will guide me properly. I will use the light of nature and I do not doubt that if I wander somewhat I shall find my way back again.” Ah, man! your wisdom, which is the very flower of your nature, what is it except folly, though you do not know it? Unconverted and unrenewed, you are in God’s sight no wiser than the wild donkey’s colt. I wish you were in your own esteem humbled as a little child at Jesus’ feet, and made to cry, “Teach me.”
17. When the withering wind of the Spirit moves over the carnal mind, it reveals the death of the flesh in all respects, especially in the matter of power towards what is good. We then understand that word of our Lord: “Without me you can do nothing.” When I was seeking the Lord, I not only believed that I could not pray without divine help, but I felt in my very soul that I could not. Then I could not even feel properly, or mourn as I wished, or groan as I wished. I longed to long more after Christ; but, alas! I could not even feel that I needed him as I ought to feel it. This heart was then as hard as adamant, as dead as those who rot in their graves. Oh, what would I at times have given for a tear! I wanted to repent, but could not; longed to believe, but could not; I felt bound, hampered, and paralysed. This is a humbling revelation of God’s Holy Spirit, but a needful one; for the faith of the flesh is not the faith of God’s elect. The faith which justifies the soul is the gift of God and not of ourselves. That repentance which is the work of the flesh will need to be repented of. The flower of the flesh must wither; only the seed of the Spirit will produce fruit to perfection. The heirs of heaven are born not by blood, nor by the will of the flesh, nor by man, but by God. If the work in us is not the Spirit’s working, but our own, it will droop and die when we require its protection the most; and its end will be as the grass which today is, and tomorrow is cast into the oven.
18. 4. You see, then, the universality of this withering work within us, but I ask you also to notice the completeness of it. The grass, what does it do? Droop? indeed, withers. The flower of the field: what of that? Does it hang its head a little? No, according to Isaiah it fades; and according to Peter it falls away. There is no reviving it with showers, it has come to its end. Even so are the awakened led to see that in their flesh there dwells no good thing. What dying and withering work some of God’s servants have had in their souls! Look at John Bunyan, as he describes himself in his “Grace Abounding!” For how many months and even years was the Spirit engaged in writing death upon all that was the old Bunyan, in order that he might become by grace a new man suited to track the pilgrims along their heavenly way. We have not all endured the ordeal so long, but in every child of God there must be a death to sin, to the law, and to self, which must be fully accomplished before he is perfected in Christ and taken to heaven. Corruption cannot inherit incorruption; it is through the Spirit that we mortify the deeds of the body, and therefore live. But can the fleshly mind not be improved? By no means; for “the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.” Can you not improve the old nature? No; “you must be born again.” Can it not be taught heavenly things? No. “The natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness to him: neither can be know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” There is nothing to be done with the old nature except to let it be laid in the grave; it must be dead, and buried, and when it is so, then the incorruptible seed that lives and remains for ever will develop gloriously, the fruit of the new birth will come to maturity, and grace shall be exalted in glory. The old nature never does improve, it is as earthly, and sensual, and devilish in the saint of eighty years of age as it was when first he came to Christ; it is unimproved and unimprovable; towards God it is enmity itself: every imagination of the thoughts of the heart is evil, and that continually. The old nature is called the flesh and “the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary to each other,” neither can there be peace between them.
19. 5. Let us further notice that all this withering work in the soul is very painful. As you read these verses do they not strike you as having a very melancholy tone? “All flesh is grass, and all its goodness is as the flower of the field: the grass withers, the flower fades.” This is mournful work, but it must be done. I think those who experience much of it when they first come to Christ have great reason to be thankful. Their course in life will, in all probability, be much brighter and happier, for I have noticed that people who are converted very easily, and come to Christ with only comparatively little knowledge of their own depravity, have to learn about it afterwards, and they remain for a long time babes in Christ, and are perplexed with matters that would not have troubled them if they had experienced a deeper work at first. No, sir; if grace has begun to build in your soul and left any of the old walls of self-trust standing, they will have to come down sooner or later. You may congratulate yourself upon their remaining, but it is a false congratulation, your glorying is not good. I am sure of this, that Christ will never put a new piece upon an old garment, or new wine in old bottles: he knows the tear would be worse in the long run, and the bottles would burst. All that is of nature’s spinning must be unravelled. The natural building must come down, lath and plaster, roof and foundation, and we must have a house not made with hands. It was a great mercy for our city of London that the great fire cleared away all the old buildings which were the lair of the plague, a far healthier city was then built; and it is a great mercy for a man when God completely sweeps away all his own righteousness and strength, when he makes him feel that he is nothing and can be nothing, and drives him to confess that Christ must be all in all, and that his only strength lies in the eternal might of the ever blessed Spirit. Sometimes in a business firm an old system has been going on for years, and it has caused much confusion, and allowed much dishonesty. You come in as a new manager, and you adopt an entirely new plan. Now, try if you can, and graft your method on to the old system. How it will trouble you! Year after year you say to yourself, “I cannot get it to work: if I had swept it all away and started fresh, clear from the beginning, it would not have given me one tenth of the trouble.” God does not intend to graft the system of grace upon corrupt nature, nor to make the new Adam grow out of the old Adam, but he intends to teach us this: “You are dead, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.” Salvation is not by the flesh but by the Lord alone; those who are born by the flesh are only flesh at the best; and only those who are born by the Spirit are spirit. It must be the Spirit’s work altogether, or it is not what God will accept.
20. Observe, brethren, that although this is painful it is inevitable. I have already elaborated upon this, and shown you how necessary it is that all of the old should be taken away; but let me further remark that it is inevitable that the old should go, because it is in itself corrupt. Why does the grass wither? Because it is a withering thing. “Its root is always in its grave, and it must die.” How could it spring out of the earth, and be immortal? It is no amaranth; (b) it does not bloom in Paradise; it grows in a soil on which the curse has fallen. Every supposed good thing that grows out of your own self, is like yourself, mortal, and it must die. The seeds of corruption are in all the fruits of manhood’s tree; let them be as fair to look upon as Eden’s clusters, they must decay.
21. Moreover, it would never do, my brother, that there should be something of the flesh in our salvation and something of the Spirit; for if it were so there would be a division of the honour. Up to a certain point would be praises for God, beyond this my own praises. If I were to win heaven partly through what I had done, and partly through what Christ had done, and if the energy which sanctified me was in a measure my own, and in a measure divine, those who divide the work shall divide the reward, and the songs of heaven while they would be partly to Jehovah must also be partly to the creature. But it shall not be. Down, proud flesh! Down! I say. Though you cleanse and purge yourself as you may, you are corrupt to the core though you labour to weariness, you build wood that will be burned, and stubble that will be turned to ashes. Give up your own self-confidence, and let the work be, and the merit be where the honour shall be, namely, with God alone. It is inevitable, then, that there should be all this withering.
22. 7. This last word by way of comfort is for any who are passing through the process we are describing, and I hope some of you are. It gives me great joy when I hear that you unconverted ones are very miserable, for the miseries which the Holy Spirit works are always the prelude to happiness. It is the Spirit’s work to wither. I rejoice in our translation, “Because the Spirit of the Lord blows upon it.” It is true the passage may be translated, “The wind of the Lord blows upon it.” One word, as you know, is used in the Hebrew both for “wind” and “Spirit,” and the same is true of the Greek; but let us retain the old translation here, for I conceive it to be the real meaning of the text. It is the Spirit of God who withers the flesh. It is not the devil who killed my self-righteousness. I might be afraid if it were: nor was it myself who humbled myself by a voluntary and needless self-degradation, but it was the Spirit of God. Better to be broken in pieces by the Spirit of God, than to be made whole by the flesh! What does the Lord say? “I kill.” But what next? “I make alive.” He never makes any alive except those whom he kills. Blessed be the Holy Spirit when he kills me, when he drives the sword through the very heart of my own merits and my self-confidence, for then he will make me alive. “I wound, and I heal.” He never heals those whom he has not wounded. Then blessed be the hand that wounds; let it go on wounding; let it cut and tear; let it lay bare to me myself at my very worst, so that I may be driven to self-despair, and may fall back upon the free mercy of God, and receive it as a poor, guilty, lost, helpless, undone sinner, who casts himself into the arms of sovereign grace, knowing that God must give all, and Christ must be all, and the Spirit must work all, and man must be as clay in the potter’s hands, so that the Lord may do with him as seems good to him. Rejoice, dear brother, however low you are brought, for if the Spirit humbles you he means no evil, but he intends infinite good for your soul.
23. II. Now, let us close with a few sentences concerning THE IMPLANTATION.
24. According to Peter, although the flesh withers, and its flower falls away, yet in the children of God there is an unwithering something of another kind. “Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which lives and remains for ever.” “The word of the Lord endures for ever. And this is the word by which the gospel is preached to you.” Now, the gospel is of use to us because it is not of human origin. If it were of the flesh, all it could do for us would not land us beyond the flesh; but the gospel of Jesus Christ is superhuman, divine, and spiritual. In its conception it was from God; its great gift, even the Saviour, is a divine gift; and all its teachings are full of deity. If you, my hearer, believe a gospel which you have thought out for yourself, or a philosophical gospel which comes from the brain of man, it is from the flesh, and will wither, and you will die, and be lost through trusting in it. The only word that can bless you and be a seed in your soul must be the living and incorruptible word of the eternal Spirit. Now this is the incorruptible word, that “God was made flesh and lived among us”; that “God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing their trespasses to them.” This is the incorruptible word, that “Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born by God.” “He who believes on him is not condemned: but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” “God has given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.” Now, brethren, this is the seed; but before it can grow in your soul, it must be planted there by the Spirit. Do you receive it this morning? Then the Holy Spirit implants it in your soul. Do you leap up to it, and say, “I believe it! I grasp it! I fix my hope on the incarnate God; the substitutionary sacrifice, the complete atonement of Christ is all my confidence; I am reconciled to God by the blood of Jesus.” Then you possess the living seed within your soul.
25. And what is the result of it? Why, then there comes, according to the text, a new life into us, as the result of the indwelling of the living word, and our being born again by it. It is a new life; it is not the old nature exhibiting its better parts; not the old Adam refining and purifying himself, and rising to something better. No; have we not said previously that the flesh withers and its flower fades? It is an entirely new life. You are as much new creatures at your regeneration, as if you had never existed, and had been for the first time created. “Old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.” The child of God is above and beyond other men. Other men do not possess the life which he has received. They are only duplex — they have body and soul. He is of triple nature — he is spirit, soul, and body. A fresh principle, a spark of the divine life has dropped into his soul; he is no longer a natural or carnal man, but he has become a spiritual man, understanding spiritual things and possessing a life far superior to anything that belongs to the rest of mankind. Oh that God, who has withered in the souls of any of you what is of the flesh, may speedily grant you the new birth through the Word.
26. Now observe, to close, wherever this new life comes through the word, it is incorruptible, it lives and remains for ever. To get the good seed out of a true believer’s heart and to destroy the new nature in him, is a thing attempted by earth and hell, but never yet achieved. Pull the sun out of the firmament, and you shall not even then be able to pull grace out of a regenerate heart. It “lives and remains for ever,” says the text; it neither can corrupt by itself nor be corrupted. “It does not sin, because it is born by God.” “I give to them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.” “The water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.” You have a natural life — that will die, it is of the flesh. You have a spiritual life — of that it is written: “Whoever lives and believes in me shall never die.” You have now within you the noblest and truest immortality: you must live as God lives, in peace and joy, and happiness. But oh, remember, dear hearer, if you do not have this you “shall not see life.” What then — shall you be annihilated? Ah! no, but “the wrath of the Lord is upon you.” You shall exist, though you shall not live. You shall know nothing about life, for that is the gift of God in Christ Jesus; but of an everlasting death, full of torment and anguish, you shall be the wretched heir — “the wrath of God rest on him.” You shall be cast into “the lake of fire, which is the second death.” You shall be one of those whose “worm does not die, and whose fire is not quenched.” May God, the ever blessed Spirit, visit you! If he is now striving with you, oh do not quench his divine flame! Do not trifle with any holy thought you have. If this morning you must confess that you are not born again, be humbled by it. Go and seek mercy from the Lord, entreat him to deal graciously with you and save you. Many who have had nothing but moonlight have prized it, and before long they have had sunlight. Above all, remember what the quickening seed is, and reverence it when you hear it preached, “for this is the word which by the gospel is preached to you.” Respect it, and receive it. Remember that the quickening seed is all wrapped up in this sentence: “Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and you shall be saved.” “He who believes and is baptised shall be saved; but he who does not believe shall be damned.”
27. May the Lord bless you, for Jesus’ sake. Amen.
[Portion Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Isaiah 40:1-11 Luke 3:1-17 1 Peter 1:17-25]
(a) Bracketed text indicates that as brilliant as Spurgeon was, even he did not understand the age of the earth issue. Editor.
(b) Amaranth: An imaginary flower reputed never to fade. OED.
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