Biosystematics is in great flux today because of the plethora of genetic research continually shedding light on organism relationships. Despite the large amount of data being published, the challenge is having enough knowledge about genetics to draw conclusions regarding the biological history of organisms and their taxonomy. Based on the analyses of molecular data, hybridization capability, and statistical baraminology it is estimated that 11 extant turtle kinds and three extant crocodile kinds were brought on the Ark.
I summarize previous discussion of understanding craters within the recent creation paradigm. I further develop an earlier suggestion of mine, that most solar system craters date from the formation of astronomical bodies on the fourth day of the Creation Week. This proposal is consistent with the “very good” of
It has become popular in Christian circles to postulate that the Crucifixion occurred on April 3, AD 33. Often important in this conclusion is that there was a lunar eclipse that evening, with the assumption
that the Apostle Peter’s quoting of
Biosystematics is in great flux today because of the plethora of genetic research which continually redefines how we perceive organism relationships. Despite the large amount of data being published, the challenge is having enough knowledge about genetics to draw conclusions regarding the biological history of organisms and their taxonomy. Based on the analyses of extant organism molecular data, taxonomy, and hybridization capability a tentative estimate of one tuatara, two amphisbaena, and 41 snake kinds is proposed as being on the Ark.
The Bathurst Batholith west of Sydney, Australia, consists of an enormous pluton (the Bathurst Granite) and numerous smaller related satellite plutons and dikes. The major pluton cuts east-west across the prevailing north-south strike of the fossiliferous sedimentary strata, unequivocal evidence that the intrusion of the batholith structurally disrupted the regional fabric of the host strata sequence. Sedimentary rocks in the contact zone were metamorphosed by the hot magma. The major dike-like Evans Crown granite cuts across the Bathurst Granite and the surrounding host strata. This dike’s central portions are coarse and even grained like the Bathurst Granite, but the margins are chilled, testimony to intrusion of the dike as hot granite magma. Many minor granite dikes cut across the margins of the Bathurst Granite and also across the Evans Crown dike out into the surrounding strata. Alteration zones marginal to the sharp contacts of the dikes with the wallrocks indicate the magma was still hot when injected. Abundant 238U and 210Po radiohalos are present in biotite flakes of all samples of the Bathurst Granite and Evans Crown dike. 214Po and 218Po radiohalos are present only in some samples of the Bathurst Granite. A few 210Po and 238U radiohalos are also present in biotite flakes within some samples of the dikes that cut across the Bathurst Granite or the Evans Crown dike. Field and textural data have established that these granite phases were sequentially intruded while still hot. That these granitic phases were intruded as hot magma is also confirmed by analytical and experimental data. All this had to occur within the Flood year, so these multiple granite phases were not created cold by fiat. Instead, the Po radiohalos indicate they were formed rapidly below 150°C via hydrothermal fluid transport of Rn and Po from the zircon grains embedded in the biotite flakes that are often the radiocenters of the U radiohalos. Furthermore, their presence in all three sequentially intruded granite phases is evidence that all this intrusive activity, and the cooling of all three granite phases to 150°C, must have occurred within a week or two so that these Po radiohalos in them formed subsequently within days to weeks.
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