Baboons are social animals. They live in large groups called troops, normally consisting of one dominant male and numerous females. The troop gives the young a good chance of survival. Baboons are omnivores but are able to survive strictly on vegetation, which is how they were originally designed.


  • Depending on the species, the baboon can vary in color from yellow to red and gray to black.
  • Some species also have brightly-colored muzzles as well as colored rumps.
  • Males have large upper canines which are displayed in defense and attack.

Fun Facts

  • Baboons groom each other as part of their social behavior.
  • One species of male baboon kidnaps a female from her family unit to begin another family unit. He nurtures and care for her until she reaches maturity.
  • Baboons use gestures, lip-smacking, and facial expressions as well as vocal communication.

Created Kind Members

Mandrill, macaque

CLASS: Mammalia (mammal)
ORDER: Primates (monkeys)
FAMILY: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
GENUS/SPECIES: Papio (Five different species)

Size: 2–4 ft (0.6–1.2 m); varies within species
Weight: 30–90 lbs (14–41 kg); varies within species
Original Diet: Plants
Present Diet: Plants, grubs, insects, and small vertebrates
Habitat: Savannah, open woodland, and hills in Africa